What Is the Difference Between Bearings and Bushings?

A bushing resembles a bearing in many ways, operating on sliding motion between moving surfaces. While not necessarily the same, bushings are used to support rotating shafts in machines. Their purpose is to increase bearing life by reducing friction energy losses, wear, and maintenance expenses.

Ball bearings

The main difference between bushings and ball bearings is their design. The former are designed with a radial design to reduce friction between moving and stationary parts. Ball bearings are available with a single row or multiple rows of balls. They are available as deep groove and angular contact types to handle axial and radial loads.

Mounted bearings are assemblies of pre-assembled bearings that are bolted to frames. They support conveyor rollers and shafts. Other types include slide and jewel bearings. They are typically lubricated. Bushings are also made from oil.


Metal sleeve bearings

When choosing between metal sleeve bearings and bushings, the main considerations are the materials used and the requirements for lubrication and resiliency. In general, bronze bushings are better for many applications because of their longer lifespan and ability to withstand shock, wear and corrosion. However, plastic bushings are not inaudible, and may even rattle when not installed correctly, particularly when the clearances are too narrow. Additionally, they may be susceptible to damage from high-temperature e-painting, so you may want to choose bushings with stainless-steel backing.

Sleeve bearings, also called flanged bearings or journal bearings, are the most basic type of bearing. They are usually used in sliding or rotating parts, and they are available in a variety of materials. Plastic is the most affordable, but can become rattly at high speeds, so be sure to choose the materials carefully.

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Plastic bushings

While plastic bushings have many advantages, they differ from bearings in many ways. They tend to be more durable than metal bearings, due to their low coefficient of friction and high wear resistance. This means that they last longer and cost less to produce. In addition, they don’t require lubrication, are resistant to dirt and oil, and do not crack easily. Because of these factors, they are often preferred for simple plain bearing applications.

While bearings are made of metal, plastic bushings have plastic surfaces. These surfaces prevent corrosion and attack from many chemicals. Another benefit of plastic bushings is that they do not transfer heat to other parts of the mechanical assembly. Plastic bushings can also be self-lubricating, which reduces the possibility of failure from lack of maintenance.

Self-lubricating bearings

Self-lubricating bearings and bushes are designed to eliminate the need for grease. They also help reduce costs. These components are lubricated using a solid lubricant injected into the bearing and bushing MFG. MPIF Standard 35 contains design and material information for these components. Basically, a bearing is a machine part that turns or slides while a bushing is a removable cylinder that is usually used for a variety of purposes including controlling the opening size, resisting abrasion and serving as a guide.

These components are ideal for many applications, including automotive and aerospace engines. They are highly durable and last a long time with little maintenance. In addition, they can save significant amounts of energy since they are not reliant on oil. Self-lubricating bearings can also be environmentally friendly, which is a big plus in today’s world.

Dynamic bearing systems

Dynamic bearing systems are different from bushing MFG designs in two ways. First, they eliminate surface-to-surface contact between the journal and the bearing. Second, they use a tilting-pad design, which uses multiple pads that move with the changes in load. This design is popular in large applications such as modern turbomachinery. Finally, they eliminate the risk of oil whirl.

Dynamic bearing systems are not the same as bushings, and you need to consider the different characteristics of each before selecting one. In general, bushings should have a higher load capacity than dynamic bearing systems. For instance, if a bushing is to withstand a high load of 10 kg, it should be able to carry 100 kg.


Bearings and bushings are used in a variety of applications. For example, an ATM uses an antistatic plastic bearing that moves cash at high speeds and protects the electronic circuits inside. A chain-driven conveyor system needs a bearing that’s resistant to acid, water, and alkalis. Manufacturers can help you determine which type of bearing you need for your application.

Plain bearings, also known as bushings, are the most basic type of bearing. Their main purpose is to minimize friction between moving parts and reduce radial and axial stresses. They also offer a high degree of shock absorption, and are useful in reducing energy usage, noise, and wear.